Nikos Kazantzakis (1883–1957) was a
philosopher and prolific author of poetry, plays, articles, and novels,
including The Last Temptation of Christ,
Zorba the Greek, and The Greek Passion. He became known
globally after the 1964 release of the Michael Cacoyannis film Zorba the Greek, and he gained fame with
the 1988 Martin Scorsese adaptation of The
Last Temptation of Christ.