A deep meditation on the roots of international harmony and global disorder
Henry Kissinger has traveled the world, advised presidents,
and been a close observer and participant in the central foreign policy events
of our era. Now he offers his analysis of the twenty-first century’s ultimate
challenge: how to build a shared international order in a world of divergent
historic perspectives, violent conflict, proliferating technology, and
There has never been a true “world order,” Kissinger
observes. For most of history, civilizations defined their own concepts of
order. Each considered itself the center of the world and envisioned its
distinct principles as universally relevant. China conceived of a global
cultural hierarchy with the emperor at its pinnacle. In Europe, Rome imagined
itself surrounded by barbarians; when Rome fragmented, European peoples refined
a concept of an equilibrium of sovereign states and sought to export it across
the world. Islam considered itself the world’s sole legitimate political unit,
destined to expand indefinitely until the world was brought into harmony by
Muslim principles. The United States was born of a conviction about the
universal applicability of democratic principles—a conviction that has guided
its policies ever since.
Now international affairs take place on a global basis, and
these historic concepts of world order are meeting. Every region participates
in questions of high policy in every other—often instantaneously. Yet there is
no consensus among the major actors about the rules and limits guiding this process or its ultimate destination. The result is mounting tension.
Grounded in Kissinger’s deep study of history and experience
as national security advisor and secretary of state, World Order guides
readers on a tour of the globe. It examines the events and ideas that formed
the historic concepts of order, their manifestations in contemporary
controversies, and the ways in which they might ultimately be reconciled.
Provocative and articulate, blending historical insight with
prognostication, World Order is a unique work that could only come from
a lifelong diplomat. Download and start listening now!