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Extended Audio Sample The Revenge of Geography: What the Map Tells Us About Coming Conflicts and the Battle Against Fate, by Robert D. Kaplan Click for printable size audiobook cover
3 out of 53 out of 53 out of 53 out of 53 out of 5 3.00 (361 ratings) (rate this audio book) Author: Robert D. Kaplan Narrator: Michael Prichard Publisher: Tantor Format: Unabridged Audiobook Delivery: Instant Download Audio Length: Release Date:
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In The Revenge of Geography, Robert D. Kaplan builds on the insights, discoveries, and theories of great geographers and geopolitical thinkers of the near and distant past to look back at critical pivots in history and then to look forward at the evolving global scene. Kaplan traces the history of the world's hot spots by examining their climates, topographies, and proximities to other embattled lands. The Russian steppe's pitiless climate and limited vegetation bred hard and cruel men bent on destruction, for example, while Nazi geopoliticians distorted geopolitics entirely, calculating that space on the globe used by the British Empire and the Soviet Union could be swallowed by a greater German homeland. Kaplan then applies the lessons learned to the present crises in Europe, Russia, China, the Indian subcontinent, Turkey, Iran, and the Arab Middle East. The result is a holistic interpretation of the next cycle of conflict throughout Eurasia. Remarkably, the future can be understood in the context of temperature, land allotment, and other physical certainties: China, able to feed only twenty-three percent of its people from land that is only seven percent arable, has sought energy, minerals, and metals from such brutal regimes as Burma, Iran, and Zimbabwe, putting it in moral conflict with the United States. Afghanistan's porous borders will keep it the principal invasion route into India, and a vital rear base for Pakistan, India's main enemy. Iran will exploit the advantage of being the only country that straddles both energy-producing areas of the Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea. Finally, Kaplan posits that the United States might rue engaging in far-flung conflicts with Iraq and Afghanistan rather than tending to its direct neighbor Mexico, which is on the verge of becoming a semifailed state due to drug cartel carnage. A brilliant rebuttal to thinkers who suggest that globalism will trump geography, this indispensable work shows how timeless truths and natural facts can help prevent this century's looming cataclysms. Download and start listening now!

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Quotes & Awards

  • A solid work of acuity and breadth. Kirkus

Listener Opinions

  • 5 out of 55 out of 55 out of 55 out of 55 out of 5 by Peter Mcloughlin | 2/11/2014

    " This book brings back an area of study neglected in the late twentieth century geography. At the begining of the 20th century it was a thriving field and even though its practicioners may have overestimated its importance it was rather prescient. The study of geography and power and threat analysis of all the worlds powers sheds a light on the current situation. It also gives contours of world politics and national interests of major powers. This kind of analysis might give policy makers a clue as to the problems that will arise in the 21st century. The book is disturbing but not hopeless. I will not share his conclusion but only recommend reading it because it sheds a lot of light. "

  • 4 out of 54 out of 54 out of 54 out of 54 out of 5 by Diana | 1/15/2014

    " This was an interesting way to look at world history and current events. Particularly liked the chapters on Russia and China. Felt like I needed to have a map on hand at all times for reference, but wasn't so dense that I couldn't get through it. "

  • 3 out of 53 out of 53 out of 53 out of 53 out of 5 by Kiley Miller | 1/13/2014

    " Book has structural flaws, but there are many interesting insights, and it serves as a gateway to broader reading on geopolitics. Kaplan's most important contribution might be compiling the bibliography. "

  • 4 out of 54 out of 54 out of 54 out of 54 out of 5 by Anthony | 12/1/2013

    " Somewhat complicated reading at times but his discussion of the "pivot" countries was very interesting. "

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