Completed in April 1918, “in the last days before a period of
imprisonment,” Proposed Roads to Freedom contains Bertrand Russell’s
astute political commentary on anarchism, socialism, and syndicalism. Russell
begins with a historical overview of socialism and anarchism, the teachings and
organizations of Marx and Bakunin, and the syndicalist revolt against
socialism. He then turns to more pressing problems of the future, and how these
movements could contribute to reconstruction after the war.
Although he has criticism for each movement, Russell respected what
they attempted to achieve. “What is new in Socialism and Anarchism is that
close relations of the ideal to the present sufferings of men, which has
enabled powerful political movements to grow out of the hopes of solitary
thinkers. It is this that makes Socialism and Anarchism important, and it is
this that makes them dangerous to those who batten, consciously or
unconsciously, upon the evils of our present order of society.” Download and start listening now!