Niccolò Machiavelli, considered one of the great early political analysts, is a historical figure in the turning point from the Middle Ages to the Modern World. He was born in Florence, Italy, on May 3, 1469. He was the second son of Bernardo di Niccolo Machiavelli, a lawyer of some repute, and of Bartolommea di Stefano Nelli. Both parents were members of the old Florentine nobility.
When his literary fame grew, he returned to Florence in 1520, where he became involved in the attempt to reform the city’s constitution. This was the height of Machiavelli’s literary activity and increasing influence. He died within a few weeks of the second expulsion of the Medici in 1527, at the age of 58.