Douglas Fairbanks (1883–1939) was a very successful actor, director,
screenwriter, and author. Raised by his mother after she separated from
his father, he attended the Colorado School of Mines and Harvard
University, traveled, and worked at variuos jobs before making his
Broadway debut in 1902. In 1915, he went to work in Hollywood, where he
married Mary Pickford. He made highly successful early social comedies
and popular swashbucklers, including The Mark of Zorro and The Iron Mask, during the 1920s. He retired from acting in 1936.